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Messrs. P. E. LIM was founded by its Managing Partner, Ms. Judy Lim Pek Eng, in 1997, as a boutique civil litigation and dispute resolution law firm in Petaling Jaya.

The legal firm, despite being located in Petaling Jaya, handles litigation and dispute resolution matters in Kuala Lumpur, Shah Alam, and Klang as well.

As a lawyer with 30 years experience in legal practice, Ms. Judy has appeared at all levels of the courts in Malaysia.

Ms. Judy is also regularly engaged as a counsel in appellate matters in the Court of Appeal and Federal Court.

The firm has been recognised as a Notable firm for “Commercial and Transactions” by Benchmark Litigation, and a Notable firm for “Dispute Resolution” by Asialaw. 

Judy Lim Pek Eng

Judy Lim Pek Eng

Managing Partner

Ms. Judy holds a Bachelor of Laws (Hons) degree from the University of London. Post LL.B., she went on to obtain her Certificate of Legal Practice.

Having chambered at Messrs. Chan & Kiru, under the tutelage of Dato’​ K Kirubakaran, Ms. Judy was called to the Malaysian Bar on 13.11.1992.

Ms. Judy was practicing as a lawyer in Kuala Lumpur and Petaling Jaya at Messrs. Chung & Chan and Messrs. Wan Haron Sukri & Nordin respectively, before deciding to venture into sole proprietorship by setting up Messrs. P. E. LIM in 1997.

In January 2023, Ms. Judy became the Managing Partner of the firm.

Joshua Wu Kai-Ming

Joshua Wu Kai-Ming


Joshua obtained a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B), Upper Second Class Honours, from the University of London in 2017. He then went on to pursue the Certificate in Legal Practice and completed it in 2018.

Joshua was a Pupil-in-Chambers at Messrs. Sreenevasan and was called to the Malaysian Bar on 25.10.2019. 

Joshua was subsequently practicing as a lawyer in Petaling Jaya at Messrs. Josephine, L K Chow & Co, before joining Messrs. P. E. LIM in March 2021.

In January 2023, Joshua was promoted as a partner of the firm. 

Practice Areas

Company Law & Commercial Law

  • Breach of Contract
  • Debt Recovery
  • Derivative Proceedings/Derivative Action
  • Injunction applications
  • Minority Oppression

Construction Law

  • Late delivery claims
  • Liquidated damages claims
  • Retention sums claims

Employment & Industrial Relations Law

  • Advisory work
  • Constructive Dismissal claims at the Industrial Court (Mahkamah Perusahaan)
  • Labour Office (Pejabat Tenaga Kerja) disputes
  • Unfair Dismissal claims at the Industrial Court

Family Law

  • Custody of children
  • Divorce (Joint Petition, Single Petition)
  • Maintenance of wife and/or children

Insolvency Law

  • Bankruptcy
  • Judicial Management
  • Winding up

Property Law

  • Tenancy disputes

Succession Law

  • Grant of Probate applications
  • Letter of Administration applications
  • Small Estates distributions
  • Will writing

Tort Law

  • Defamation
  • Negligence
  • Nuisance

Automatic Discharge and Suspension of Automatic Discharge under the Insolvency Act 1967

In June 2023, Parliament amended the Insolvency Act 1967 ("IA 1967") via the Insolvency (Amendment) Act 2023 ("Amendment Act").  Amongst others, Section 33C of the IA 1967 was amended as follows (with the amendments in red): "Automatic discharge and suspension of...

Increase In Minimum Debt Threshold for Bankruptcy Petitions

The Insolvency (Amendment) Act 2020, which came into force on 1st September 2021, amended Section 5 of the Insolvency Act 1967 ("IA 1967") on the conditions on which a creditor may present a bankruptcy petition against a debtor. The following is Section 5 of the IA...

Amendments to the Courts of Judicature Act 1964

Parliament made certain amendments to the Courts of Judicature Act 1964 ("CJA 1964"), via the Courts of Judicature (Amendment) Act 2022 ["Amendment Act"]. Amongst others, the Amendment Act amended Section 28(1) of the CJA 1964. The amendment removed the right to...

Amendment to the First Schedule of the Employment Act 1955

On 12th August 2022, the Human Resources Minister issued the Employment (Amendment of First Schedule) (Amendment) Order 2022 which will take effect on 1st January 2023.  The Order revised the scope of the Employment Act 1955 ("EA 1955"). The First Schedule of the EA...

Application of the Small Estates (Distribution) Act 1955 and the Definition of Small Estate

Section 3 of the Small Estates (Distribution) Act 1955 ["SEDA 1955"] governs the application of SEDA 1955 and the defines a "small estate" for the purposes of SEDA 1955: "3. Application of Part and definition of small estate (1) This Part shall have effect throughout...

Flexible Working Arrangement under the Employment Act 1955

The Employment (Amendment) Act 2022, which came into operation on 1st January 2023, introduced flexible working arrangement for employees. The relevant sections are Sections 60P and 60Q of the Employment Act 1955 ("EA 1955"): "Part XIIC FLEXIBLE WORKING ARRANGEMENT...

Sick Leave under the Employment Act 1955

The relevant provision in the Employment Act 1955 ("EA 1955") governing sick leave can be found in Section 60F of the EA 1955. The Employment (Amendment) Act 2022, which came into operation on 1st January 2023, recently made several amendments to Section 60F of the EA...

Maternity Leave under the Employment Act 1955

The relevant provisions in the Employment Act 1955 ("EA 1955") governing pregnancy and maternity can be found in Part IX of the EA 1955. The Employment (Amendment) Act 2022, which came into operation on 1st January 2023, recently made several amendments to sections...

Paternity Leave under the Employment Act 1955

The Employment (Amendment) Act 2022, which came into operation on 1st January 2023, introduced paternity leave entitlements for male employees. The relevant section is Section 60FA of the Employment Act 1955: "Paternity leave 60FA. (1) Subject to subsection (3), a...

4 Things About Non-Contractual Pre-Judgment Interest

Awarded pursuant to Section 11 of the Civil Law Act 1956 The section provides that: “In any proceedings tried in any Court for the recovery of any debt or damages, the Court may, if it thinks fit, order that there shall be included in the sum for which judgment is...

5 Things About Performance Improvement Plans

1. Employers have the prerogative to place employees on PIP In Exxonmobil Exploration and Production Malaysia Inc. v Menteri Sumber Manusia & Ors [2019] MLJU 614, per Azizah Nawawi J (now JCA): “The Claimant was to be placed on the PIP, which is the management...

Opposing A Bankruptcy Notice and a Creditors Petition

If a Judgment Debtor intends to oppose a Bankruptcy Notice, the correct procedure is to file an Affidavit on An Application to Set Aside Bankruptcy Notice (Afidavit Atas Permohonan Membatalkan Notis Kebankrapan) pursuant to Rule 93 of the Insolvency Rules 2017. The...

Waiver in Constructive Dismissal Cases

For constructive dismissal cases, it would amount to a waiver of the purported breach if an employee does not leave his/her employment within a reasonable time (or appropriate point in time[1]) after an employer’s purported breach of the employment contract. Support...

Substituted Service Application

In civil proceedings: (a) A Plaintiff has a legal obligation to serve his/her/its Originating Summons or Writ on a Defendant;[1] (b) A Defendant has a legal obligation to serve his/her/its Defence and Counterclaim on an additional party[2] if the Defendant files a...

Compensation for Wrongful Entry of Caveat

Section 329(1) of the National Land Code provides the following: “Compensation for wrongful caveats, and limitation on repeated applications (1) Any person or body who, wrongfully or without reasonable cause, secures the entry of, or fails to withdraw, any private...

Court Filing Fees for Joint Petition for Divorce

Joint Petitions for divorce in Malaysia are governed inter alia by Section 52 of the Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act 1976: "If husband and wife mutually agree that their marriage should be dissolved they may after the expiration of two years from the date of...

Retrenchment vs Closure of Business

Both retrenchment and closure of business are exercises of managerial powers. However, neither can be undertaken for any collateral reason[1] (e.g. to victimise an employee). So how does retrenchment differ from a closure of business? Retrenchment The Company...

Clearing the Confusion over Paid Holidays under the Employment Act 1955

1. Legally, under the Employment Act 1955, employees are entitled to paid holidays on: (a) 11 of the gazetted public holidays[1]; and (b) Any special days appointed as public holidays pursuant to Section 8 of the Holidays Act 1951.[2] 2. Out of the 11 gazetted public...

Direct Infringement of Copyright

In Megnaway Enterprise Sdn Bhd v Soon Lian Hock (sole proprietor of the firm Performance Audio & Car Accessories Enterprise) [2009] 3 MLJ 525 ("Megnaway Enterprise"), at paragraph 41, Low Hop Bing J (later JCA) referred to a number of authorities and summarised...



36, Jalan Dato Jamil Rais 15, Seksyen 14, 46100 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

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